Geometric design for textile grew out of movements such as Cubism, Futurism, De Stijl and Dada. The need was to move away from pictorial presentations toward a metaphysical and universal language of form and colors. In 1920s, Sonia Delaunay explored interrelationships between form, color, shape and value. Sonia Delaunay’s “Color Moves: Art and Fashion” exhibition at Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum is still on till June 19th. The color theory developed by Sonia Delaunay is called simultaneity: sensation of movement created when contrasting colors are placed side by side.
Other modern textile designers around the world became innovators of this movement like Liupov Popova from Russia. Having similar educational and work backgrounds as Delaunay, she also worked to free color and shape from representation. However, the reinvention of art and fashion through bold and geometrical abstract textiles gained limited adaptation in Russia due to lack of technology that was available in the post-revolution era.
source : The Modernist Textile, Europe and America 1890-1940 by Virginia Gardner Troy.