Gaudi and trencadis
Architecture & Interiors
The great Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi is known for his complex and original architectural structures which incorporate unique design elements such as brightly colorful mosaics, furniture, ceramics and wrought iron pieces. Gaudi’s inspiration originate from the nature’s intricate forms and angles.
Having influenced by the combinations of styles such as modernism, spanish art nouveau, oriental, mauresque and and the gothic, Gaudi not only created organic forms and structures, but he also was greatly interested in the blend of natural forms with diversity of materials and colors, manipulation of light, polychromy -using differently colored materials in architecture and sculpture-, craftsmanship and structural logic.
In some interiors, he arranged the color of tiles to spread the light evenly in the space. He is quoted with this comment on color : “Color in certain places has the great value of making the outlines and structural planes seem more energetic.” Gaudi took the expressive possibilities to its limits with enthusiasm in a wide array of forms, colors and textures. For him, the architecture was a sum of many arts.
His mosaic work which is usually described as “the effect of thousands of brightly-colored patterns dancing together under the Mediterranean sun.” is made from ceramics, tiles, glass and other materials and found pieces decorate the gardens, walls and fountains of the Spanish cities.
One of the most popular Gaudi destination at Barcelano is Parc Guell. This park was inspired after the English Garden city movement. The park is surrounded by curved constructed stones, organic forms and iron sculptures. The center of attention in the park is a long bench in the form of a sea serpent made of colorful ceramic tiles, plates, cups and stones.
This type of work designed with broken colorful pieces is called trencadis, in Catalan -trencat- means broken.The irregular -sized tesseraes of -glass, tile, smalti, ceramic-pieces allow the creation of colorful works of arts, otherwise they would have no practical use.
Trencadís is usually applied to exterior flat and verticular surfaces. The polychromatic and irregular reflective nature of trencadis, especially when bright and metallic tiles are applied, result richness in color.