Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners was commissioned to design a new winery facility for Bodegas Protos, a long-established firm of wine-growers producing Ribera del Duero wine.
The new building, which presents a modern reinterpretation of traditional winery construction, is located at Peñafiel, a small village near Valladolid in Castille, northern Spain.The design approach towards the structure of the building has been to generate a modular system of industrialised components that are assembled on site.
The winery sits at the base of a small hill surmounted by a medieval castle. Bodegas Protos already utilises the subterranean area beneath the castle
with more than 2 kilometres of tunnels and galleries used for ageing wine.
The new winery will process 1 million kilos of grapes and became operational for the 2008 harvest.
Linked by tunnel to the existing wine-making facility, the new building will consist of an underground cellar with a constant temperature of 14-16°C for storage of barrels, as well as for bottles that are maturing and those that are ready to drink.
The production level is situated above, partly buried in the ground and accommodating the fermentation and storage vats as well as the bottling plant, packaging equipment, technical areas and vehicle access bays.
The production and cellar floors also accommodate administrative and social facilities–offices, wine-tasting areas, areas for social functions and a small auditorium
for presentations and marketing events. The scheme also includes a stepped sunken garden which frames views of the castle above whilst also bringing natural light down into the office space.
The main entrance level is for both staff and visitors and includes vehicle bays for delivery of grapes. From here, visitors can view the production floor below.
Compositionally, the building sits on a triangular plinth which fills the site. Five interlinked parabolic vaults supported by laminated timber arches, are clad with large terracotta tiles to create a light, articulated structure. This modular form breaks down the overall mass and scale to create a structure that is sympathetic to the surrounding buildings and countryside.
Cool storage for the wine is created by effective use of the thermal ground mass. The south façade is protected by a nine-metre roof overhang while the west façade is further shaded by a system of large, fixed brise soleils. A mixed mode air system makes use of the continental climate where high daytime, and low nightitme temperatures, give the facilty free night time cooling.
Overall, the design introduces the use of traditional material – such as timber structural elements, timber roof, terracotta tiles, walls clad in local stone – but in a unique and modern format that reinterprets the nature of these materials using current technology. The building was awarded best in the Production, Energy and Recycling category at The World Architecture Festival 2009 in Barcelona.
Copyright © 2010 Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners. All rights reserved. Photography by Katsuhisa Kida & Paul Raftery